I’ve recently been reading about the formation and institutionalization of the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal after 1478. While some may see this subject as having no relevance to the modern scene, this view would be incorrect. The establishment of any system of psychological domination follows certain patterns, and those patterns repeat themselves in history.
We like to think of ourselves as enlightened and far removed from the barbarities of the past. And it is true that those who do not toe the party line are no longer literally burned at the stake. But the psychological impulses are still there, and the punishments are not imaginary. What are the features of the apparatus of control, both modernly and in the past?