Datames was a general and political leader (satrap) who was born in Asia Minor in the region of Caria. We do not know the exact date of his birth; we do know he was assassinated in 362 B.C. He had a high reputation in antiquity for his generalship and battlefield tactics. The short biography by the Latin historian Cornelius Nepos is one of the few intact sources we have about him. Nepos relates the following anecdote about a stratagem Datames used to destroy, in one stroke, those who had betrayed him and those who opposed him in war.