How Pompey Cleared The Mediterranean Of Pirates

The Mediterranean became infested with pirates as a direct consequence of Rome’s Mithridatic Wars.  Around 88 B.C. Mithridates VI of Pontus went to war against the Romans and moved into the province of Asia Minor.  He took what plunder he could, and apparently decided that an effective way to wage irregular warfare against the Romans would be to encourage pirates to attack Roman shipping lanes.

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The Assassination Of Datames

We have described in another place the superior generalship of the Carian commander Datames and his subtlety in war.  Yet despite his abilities he fell victim to treachery and was assassinated in 362 B.C. by the king (Artaxerxes) whom he used to serve.  How this came about we will now tell, using the historian Cornelius Nepos as a guide.

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